Washington Vein & Body

Varicose Veins

Varicose Veins Risk Factors and Symptoms

man calves with varicose veins

 

Varicose Veins are superficial veins that have lost their ability to carry blood normally up and out of the leg, thus allowing the blood to flow backward toward the feet. This reversal of flow is a result of failure of the one way valves in the leg veins that normally slam shut when blood tries to flow backward. The resultant pooling of the blood in the legs increases the pressure in the veins and causes them to enlarge.

These faulty valves and the associated increased pressure don’t always cause varicose veins but can cause many other symptoms such as tired heavy legs, leg swelling, spider veins, restless legs, leg cramps, skin discoloration, and itching among others. Vein disease is often also called venous insufficiency or venous reflux disease.

Once a vein has become varicose, it won’t go back to normal and should be treated if causing symptoms. If left untreated, severe varicose veins can become difficult to treat and can ultimately lead to chronic leg pain and swelling, eczema-type symptoms, skin thickening and discoloration, bleeding, infections, and even ulcerations (open sores) that won’t heal until the veins are treated.

Risk Factors For Varicose Veins

  • Genetics/Heredity – The leading cause of varicose veins is genetics and a family history of vein disease in your family makes you much more likely to develop them.
  • Female – Women are three times more likely than men to suffer from abnormal leg veins
  • Pregnancy and Hormones
  • Standing or Sitting For Long Periods of Time – Jobs that require sitting or standing for long periods of time like teachers, nurses, Doctors, Restaurant staff, Hair dressers
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle/lack of exercise
  • Traumatic Injury to the Leg

Symptoms Of Vein Disease

  • Bulging Varicose Veins
  • Clusters of Spider Veins on the legs
  • Leg Pain or Discomfort
  • Heaviness, Fatigue and Swelling
  • Skin Discoloration Around Ankles
  • Itchy Patches on the skin of the Legs
  • Open, Weeping Wounds around Ankles

If you want to learn more about Varicose Vein Treatment, Dr. Rothstein can provide you with additional information during your complimentary consultation. Contact us by calling our office or by filling out the form below.

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